Self-discharge behavior of LaNi5-based hydrogen storage electrodes in different electrolytes

Chi Ying Vanessa Li, Wei Xiang Weng, Zhong Min Wang, Sammy Lap Ip Chan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nickel-metal hydride (Ni-MH) batteries using hydrogen storage alloys as negative electrode materials have been developed and commercialized because of their high energy density, high rate capability and long cycle life, without causing environmental pollution (Song et al. J Alloys Comp 298:254, 2000; Jang et al. J Alloys Comp 268:290, 1998). However, the self-discharge rate is relatively higher than that of the Ni-Cd batteries, which would certainly be disadvantageous in practical applications. The capacity loss of a battery during storage is often related to self-discharge in the cells. Self-discharge takes place from a highly charged state of a cell to a lower state of charge (SOC) and is typically caused by the highly oxidizing or reducing characteristic of one or both of the electrodes in the cell. This self-discharge behavior may be affected by various factors such as gases, impurities, temperature, type of alloy electrode, electrolytes, or charge/discharge methods. The loss of capacity can be permanent or recoverable, depending on the nature of the mechanism (chemical or electrochemical) and aging condition. In this paper, the effects of electrolyte composition and temperature on self-discharge behavior of LaNi 5-based hydrogen storage alloy electrodes for Ni-MH batteries have been investigated. It was found that both reversible and irreversible capacity loss of MH electrode tested at 333 K were higher than that at 298 K. When tested at 298 K and 333 K, reversible capacity loss was mainly affected by the electrolyte, while the irreversible capacity loss was not affected. The dissolution of Al from the electrode can be reduced more effectively in an electrolyte with Al addition, compared with that in normal electrolyte. This resulted in a lower reversible capacity loss for the electrode exposed in the Al3+-rich electrolyte. SEM analysis has shown that some needle shape and hexagonal corrosion products were formed on the surface of the alloy electrodes, especially after storage at high temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-940
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Volume12
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2008

Keywords

  • Capacity retention
  • Electrolyte
  • Hydrogen storage
  • Metal-hydride electrode
  • Self-discharge

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