The Santorini-Amorgos zone is located in the central part of the Hellenic volcanic arc and is hosting eight large faults as well as Kolumbo and Santorini volcanic centers. The largest earthquake (Mw ~ 7.1) in the southern Aegean during the 20th century also occurred in this area on 9 July 1956. A total of 1868 crustal events were recorded by temporary networks during September 2002 to July 2004 and October 2005 to March 2007, and also by the permanent network from 2011 to 2019. We relocated 1455 of these events by using HypoDD and revealed clusters of earthquakes beneath Kolumbo, Anydros graben, and Santorini-Amorgos ridge. Only the faults in the SW of Anydros, SE of Ios, and along the south coast of Amorgos were delineated by the relocated events. Nearly vertical clusters were observed beneath the island of Anydros, south of Amorgos, and in NE end of Amorgos fault, indicating possible pathways of upward migrating fluids. The seismogenic layer thickness calculated based on the depth distribution of the relocated events was 12.5 km. We combined this thickness with geometrical properties of the faults to calculate the expected moment magnitude of future earthquakes, resulting in a range of 6.3–7.2. In an effort to map the distribution of fluids, the Vp/Vs ratio distribution was estimated by utilizing the event-station travel time data along with crack density, fluid saturation, and Poisson's ratio. The petrophysical parameters observed in the northern part of the Santorini caldera suggest the existence of melt, while those observed in Anydros and in the NE of Amorgos fault support the suggestion of upward migrating fluids in these areas.
- Seismic hazard
- Vp/Vs ratio