Seasonal variations of the ionospheric total electron content in Asian equatorial anomaly regions

Ho Fang Tsai, Jann Yenq Liu, Wei Hsiung Tsai, Chao Han Liu, Ching Liang Tseng, Chin Chun Wu

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Abstract

The ionospheric total electron contents (TEC) in both northern and southern equatorial anomaly regions are examined by using the Global Positioning System (GPS) in Asian area. The TEC contour charts obtained at YMSM (25.2° N, 121.6° E; 14.0° N geomagnetic) and DGAR (7.3° S, 72.4° E; 16.2° S geomagnetic) stations in 1997, solar minimum, are investigated. It is found that the ionospheric crests manifest remarkable seasonal variations. The TEC values on both northern and southern equatorial anomaly crests yield their maximum values during the vernal and autumnal months, but the winter anomaly does not appear in the southern region. Results show that both crests are fully developed around midday in winter, postnoon in equinoxes and late afternoon in summer, and the two crests move significantly equatorward in winter but slightly poleward in summer and autumn. These phenomena can be fully explained by a combined theory of the transequatorial netural wind, the subsolar point, and the auroral equatorward wind.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2001JA001107
Pages (from-to)30363-30369
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume106
Issue numberA12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2001

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