Seasonal and diurnal variations of ozone at a high-altitude mountain baseline station in East Asia

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Continuous measurements of tropospheric ozone were conducted at the Lulin Atmospheric Background Station (LABS) at an altitude of 2862 m from April 2006 to the end of 2009. Distinct seasonal variations in the ozone concentration were observed at the LABS, with a springtime maximum and a summertime minimum. Based on a backward trajectory analysis, CO data, and ozonesondes, the springtime maximum was most likely caused by the long-range transport of air masses from Southeast Asia, where biomass burning was intense in spring. In contrast, a greater Pacific influence contributed to the summertime minimum. In addition to seasonal variations, a distinct diurnal pattern was also observed at the LABS, with a daytime minimum and a nighttime maximum. The daytime ozone minimum was presumably caused by sinks of dry deposition and NO titration during the up-slope transport of surface air. The higher nighttime values, however, could be the result of air subsidence at night bringing ozone aloft to the LABS. After filtering out the daytime data to remove possible local surface contributions, the average background ozone value for the period of 2006-2009 was approximately 36.6 ppb, increased from 32.3 ppb prior to data filtering, without any changes in the seasonal pattern. By applying HYSPLIT4 model analysis, the origins of the air masses contributing to the background ozone observed at the LABS were investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-288
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Environment
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • Biomass burning
  • Long-range transport
  • Mountain-valley circulation


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