Scale-dependent intrinsic entropies of complex time series

Jia Rong Yeh, Chung Kang Peng, Norden E. Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Multi-scale entropy (MSE) was developed as a measure of complexity for complex time series, and it has been applied widely in recent years. The MSE algorithm is based on the assumption that biological systems possess the ability to adapt and function in an ever-changing environment, and these systems need to operate across multiple temporal and spatial scales, such that their complexity is also multiscale and hierarchical. Here, we present a systematic approach to apply the empirical mode decomposition algorithm, which can detrend time series on various time scales, prior to analysing a signal's complexity by measuring the irregularity of its dynamics on multiple time scales. Simulated time series of fractal Gaussian noise and human heartbeat time series were used to study the performance of this new approach. We show that our method can successfully quantify the fractal properties of the simulated time series and can accurately distinguish modulations in human heartbeat time series in health and disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20150204
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Issue number2065
StatePublished - 13 Apr 2016


  • Complexity
  • Detrending
  • Empirical mode decomposition
  • Fractal property
  • Multi-scale entropy


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