Robust design optimization applied to braced excavations

Sara Khoshnevisan, Lei Wang, Wenping Gong, C. Hsein Juang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Design of an excavation support system must satisfy the minimum factors of safety for stability requirements and the wall deformation and/or ground settlement requirements. In this paper, the authors present an application of robust geotechnical design (RGD) method on the design of braced excavations. The essence of RGD is to derive an optimal design through a careful adjustment of the design parameters so that the response of the braced excavation system is insensitive to the variation of "noise factors" such as uncertain soil parameters, model errors, and construction variation. The robust design of a diaphragm-wall-supported excavation requires an optimal selection of the design parameters such as the length (L) and thickness (t) of the wall, the vertical spacing of the struts (S), and the stiffness (EA) of the strut. Within the RGD framework, the effect of uncertainties in the noise factors on the variation of the system response is evaluated. Furthermore, the design robustness is sought along with the cost efficiency and safety. Thus, the RGD methodology involves a multi-objective optimization. As cost and robustness are conflicting objectives, such optimization usually leads to a Pareto front, which offers a tradeoff that can aid in making an informed decision.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIFCEE 2015 - Proceedings of the International Foundations Congress and Equipment Expo 2015
EditorsJ. Brian Anderson, Magued Iskander, Muhannad T. Suleiman, Debra F. Laefer
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780784479087
StatePublished - 2015
EventInternational Foundations Congress and Equipment Expo 2015, IFCEE 2015 - San Antonio, United States
Duration: 17 Mar 201521 Mar 2015

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
VolumeGSP 256
ISSN (Print)0895-0563


ConferenceInternational Foundations Congress and Equipment Expo 2015, IFCEE 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Antonio


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