Revealing the Progenitor of SN 2021zby through Analysis of the TESS Shock-cooling Light Curve

Qinan Wang, Patrick Armstrong, Yossef Zenati, Ryan Ridden-Harper, Armin Rest, Iair Arcavi, Charles D. Kilpatrick, Ryan J. Foley, Brad E. Tucker, Chris Lidman, Thomas L. Killestein, Melissa Shahbandeh, Joseph P. Anderson, Rodrigo Angulo, Chris Ashall, Jamison Burke, Ting Wan Chen, Sophie von Coelln, Kyle A. Dalrymple, Kyle W. DavisMichael D. Fulton, Lluís Galbany, Estefania Padilla Gonzalez, Bore Gao, Mariusz Gromadzki, D. Andrew Howell, Nada Ihanec, Jacob E. Jencson, David O. Jones, Joseph D. Lyman, Curtis McCully, Tomás E. Müller-Bravo, Megan Newsome, Matt Nicholl, David O’Neill, Craig Pellegrino, Sofia Rest, Stephen J. Smartt, Ken Smith, Shubham Srivastav, Giacomo Terreran, Samaporn Tinyanont, David R. Young, Alfredo Zenteno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


We present early observations and analysis of the double-peaked Type IIb supernova (SN IIb) SN 2021zby. TESS captured the prominent early shock-cooling peak of SN 2021zby within the first ∼10 days after explosion with a 30 minute cadence. We present optical and near-infrared spectral series of SN 2021zby, including three spectra during the shock-cooling phase. Using a multiband model fit, we find that the inferred properties of its progenitor are consistent with a red supergiant or yellow supergiant, with an envelope mass of ∼0.30-0.65 M and an envelope radius of ∼120-300 R . These inferred progenitor properties are similar to those of other SNe IIb with a double-peaked feature, such as SNe 1993J, 2011dh, 2016gkg, and 2017jgh. This study further validates the importance of the high cadence and early coverage in resolving the shape of the shock-cooling light curve, while the multiband observations, particularly UV, are also necessary to fully constrain the progenitor properties.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL15
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2023


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