Retrieval orientation for memories encoded in emotional contexts: An ERP study

Tzu Ling Liu, Szu Ti Lin, Shih Kuen Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Retrieval orientation, which is involved in recognition cue processing, optimizes goal-directed memory retrieval. However, whether the emotionality of encoding context affects subsequent retrieval orientation remains unclear. To clarify this, neutral objects were paired with either emotional or neutral background scenes during the study phase. During recognition test, only neutral objects were presented. The ERP analysis on the correctly rejected new items indicated that at least two processes were modulated by the emotionality of memory: 1) the arousal-modulated effect on the right-frontal scalp, and 2) the posterior-distributed effect, which was found to differentiate between memories with positive and negative valence. Furthermore, the magnitude of posterior-distributed effect was correlated with affective rating. The topographical distribution indicated that retrieval orientation for positive memories involves at least partially different neural circuitries from neutral or negative memories. Our results suggest that the emotionality of encoding context affects subsequent retrieval orientation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105769
Number of pages1
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Emotional context
  • Emotional memory
  • Episodic memory
  • Event-related potentials
  • Retrieval orientation

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