Restrictive Diffusion under Hydrotreating Reactions of Heavy Residue Oils in a Trickle Bed Reactor

Ming Chang Tsai, Yu Wen Chen, Chiuping Li

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The effect of the ratio of reactant molecular diameter to catalyst pore diameter on the restrictive diffusion under hydrotreating reactions of heavy residue oils over CoMo/alumina-aluminum phosphate catalysts was investigated. Hydrotreating reactions of residual oils were carried out in a trickle bed reactor at 663 K and 7.6 MPa over a series of CoMo/alumina-aluminum phosphate catalysts. The results showed that the restrictive effect under reaction conditions is still severe. The values of the effective diffusivities and the relevant effectiveness factors for hydrodesulfurization (HDS) and hydrodemetalation (HDM) reactions were determined by applying the Thiele relation to catalytic reactions. The effective diffusivities for the HDM reaction are always smaller than those for the HDS reaction. In addition, the effective diffusivity values decreased with increasing ratios of reactant molecular diameters to catalyst pore diameters for both HDS and HDM reactions, indicating a large restrictive diffusion effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1603-1609
Number of pages7
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1993


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