Resting respiratory sinus arrhythmia is related to longer hospitalization in mood-disordered repetitive suicide attempters

Ying Lin, Chen Lin, I. Wen Sun, Chien Chi Hsu, Chun Kai Fang, Men Tzung Lo, Hui Chun Huang, Shen Ing Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. Our aims were (1) to measure respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), a high-frequency spectrum component of heart rate variability (HRV) in mood-disordered suicide attempters and (2) to investigate the relationship of RSA to symptoms and length of hospitalization. Methods. Forty-nine female repetitive-suicide attempters with depressive disorder or bipolar disorder were recruited in a general hospital setting. Manic or psychotic patients were excluded. Resting RSA values were calculated from electrocardiogram data, and severity of clinical presentation shortly after admission and length of hospital stay were assessed. Results. RSA was positively associated with a higher Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation score (r = 0.33 P = 0.019). Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed a significant correlation between RSA and hospitalization length after adjusting other variables (beta coefficient = 3.00; P = 0.030). Patients with a higher resting RSA had more prolonged hospitalizations (hospitalization beyond 30 days) after controlling for other variables (odds ratio = 5.08, P = 0.017). Conclusions. Interaction between the environment and the autonomic nervous system is complex. Further and more comprehensive research is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-333
Number of pages11
JournalWorld Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2015

Keywords

  • Affective disorders
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Depression
  • Heart rate variability
  • Suicide

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