Refractive index measurement by prism autocollimation

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An autocollimation-based method for measuring the refractive indices of solid or liquids using a Littrow prism is presented. Measurement accuracy is enhanced by use of a telescope. In solids, the refractive index is accurate to three decimal places. Similar accuracy is obtained in liquids by correcting for the wedge angle of the liquid container window. The proposed prismatic method confers high accuracy, compactness, and automation. It is suitable for index measurement applications in undergraduate laboratories.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1.4834396
JournalAmerican Journal of Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2014


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