Reduction of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) emission from municipal waste incinerators in Taiwan: Recommendation on control technology

Nguyen Duy Dat, Yong Ji Huang, Moo Been Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emission factor and removal efficacy of PCNs are evaluated via the flue gas sampling of two MWIs equipped with different air pollution control devices (APCDs) in Taiwan. MWI-A is equipped with ESP, wet scrubber (WS) and selective catalytic reduction (SCR), while cyclone (CY), semi-dry absorber (SDA), activated carbon injection (ACI) and baghouse (BH) are employed in MWI-B. The average concentrations of PCNs measured at stacks of MWI-A and MWI-B are 2.1 ng Nm−3 (0.218 pg TEQ Nm−3) and 23.2 ng Nm−3 (0.425 pg TEQ Nm−3), respectively. The emission factors of PCNs calculated from feeding rates of waste and stack sampling results range from 6.7 to 6.95 μg t−1 (0.790–1.45 ng TEQ t−1). PCNs are formed in ESP via chlorination, while SCR and SDA + ACI + BH are effective in removing PCNs with the overall efficacies of 97.6% and 94.3%, respectively. PCN removal efficiencies achieved with SCR and SDA + ACI + BH increase as chlorination level increases. Specifically, around 72% and 82% of Mono-CN are removed by SCR and SDA + ACI + BH, respectively. The removal efficacies of other homologues achieved with SCR are consistently high (96–100%). Dominances of Mono-to Tri-CNs in scrubbing liquid collected from WS and higher removal efficacies of these homologues achieved with WS + ESP compared with ESP alone indicate that WS can capture low chlorinated PCNs to some extent. The results suggest that CY + SDA + ACI + BH should be equipped in MWI for effective removal of PCNs, while ESP, WS and SCR should be utilized with precaution to eliminate PCNs formation and enhance the PCNs removal efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number126541
JournalChemosphere
Volume252
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Electrostatic precipitation
  • Formation
  • Removal
  • Semidry absorber
  • Wet scrubber

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