Reciprocal Regulation of Peroxisome Biogenesis and Myogenic Factors Is Critical for Myogenesis

Chuan Che Wu, Wei Cheng Chen, Wen Po Hsiao, Kai Fan Huang, Yi Shiuan Liao, Huang Bin Lin, Yi Ju Wu, Chien Han Kao, Shen Liang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondria (MITO) and peroxisomes (PEXO) are the major organelles involved in the oxidative metabolism of cells, but detailed examination of their dynamics and functional adaptations during skeletal muscle (SKM) development (myogenesis) is still lacking. In this study, we found that during myogenesis, MITO DNA, ROS level, and redox ratio increased in myotubes, but the membrane potential (Δψm) and ATP content reduced, implying that the MITO efficiency might reduce during myogenesis. The PEXO number and density both increased during myogenesis, which probably resulted from the accumulation and increased biogenesis of PEXO. The expression of PEXO biogenesis factors was induced during myogenesis in vitro and in utero, and their promoters were also activated by MyoD. Knockdown of the biogenesis factors Pex3 repressed not only the PEXO density and functions but also the levels of MITO genes and functions, suggesting a close coupling between PEXO biogenesis and MITO functions. Surprisingly, Pex3 knockdown by the CRISPRi system repressed myogenic differentiation, indicating critical involvement of PEXO biogenesis in myogenesis. Taken together, these observations suggest that the dynamics and functions of both MITO and PEXO are coupled with each other and with the metabolic changes that occur during myogenesis, and these metabolic couplings are critical to myogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12262
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • catalase
  • mitochondria
  • muscle
  • myogenesis
  • peroxisome
  • Pex3

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