Rapid screening of haloacetamides in water using salt-assisted liquid-liquid extraction coupled injection-port silylation gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

Tzu Ling Chen, Shin Hwa Tzing, Wang Hsien Ding

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13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rapid screening of trace amounts of the nitrogenous disinfection by-products, haloacetamides (HAcAms), in drinking and swimming pool water was performed by a simple and reliable procedure based on salt-assisted liquid-liquid extraction (SALLE) combined with injection-port silylation gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (IPS-GC-MS) method. The optimal SALLE conditions involved the injection of 4-mL of ethyl acetate into a 10-mL water sample (pH 7) containing 3-g of sodium sulfate. After vortex extraction for 1. min and centrifugation, 10. μL of the extract (mixed with 1. μL of MTBSTFA) was directly determined by IPS-GC-MS. The limits of quantitation (LOQs) were determined to be 0.03-0.3. μg/L. Precision, as indicated by relative standard deviations (RSDs), was less than 10% for both intra- and inter-day analysis. Accuracy, expressed as the mean extraction recovery, was between 76% and 94%. The SALLE plus IPS-GC-MS was successfully applied to quantitatively determine HAcAms from drinking and swimming pool water samples, and the total concentrations of the compounds ranged from 0.43 to 4.03. μg/L.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)340-344
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1422
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • GC-MS
  • Haloacetamides
  • Nitrogenous disinfection by-products
  • Salt-assisted liquid-liquid extraction
  • Water analysis

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