Radiation tests of photodiodes for the ATLAS SCT and PIXEL opto-links

L. S. Hou, P. K. Teng, M. L. Chu, S. C. Lee, D. S. Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


In previous research, epitaxial Si PIN photodiodes produced by Centronic which will be used in the ATLAS semiconductor tracker have been irradiated with 1 MeV neutrons and 24 GeV protons with fluences up to an equivalent of 10 15 1 MeV neutrons [1,2]. In this work 30 MeV proton beams were used to irradiate Centronic and Truelight epitaxial Si PIN diodes with accumulated fluences of up to 2.1×1014-30 MeV p cm-2, an equivalent of 5.7×1014 cm-2 1 MeV neutrons, to reach the pixel radiation environment. The responsivity was measured with different levels of fluence in order to study the responsivity behaviour of two different types of photodiodes. The responsivity behaviour of these two photodiodes was similar: a linear degradation at large fluences, >1014 30 MeV p cm-2, but with different slopes. The response of the Centronic PIN diode showed a degradation to 73% after a proton fluence of 1013 p cm-2 of 30 MeV and a linear degradation at a rate of -0.32% per 1013 p cm-2 for fluences larger than 1013 30 MeV p cm-2. The Truelight PIN degraded to 84% after a fluence of 1013 p cm-2, with a linear degradation rate of -1.8% per 1013 p cm-2. Annealing of both photodiodes with a bias voltage of -10 V for 180 h showed a 7% recovery for the Truelight PIN diode and a 2% recovery for the Centronic PIN diode after irradiation fluences of 2.1×1014 p cm-2. A gamma source was also used to irradiate 6 Truelight PIN diodes with a total dose larger than 600 kGy; no obvious responsivity change was observed in this case.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-111
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 21 Feb 2005


  • 30 MeV protons irradiation
  • ATLAS pixel detector
  • ATLAS semiconductor
  • Epitaxial Si photodiodes
  • LHC
  • Responsivity


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