Quiet Time Structured Pc1 Waves Generated During Transient Foreshock

A. V. Suvorova, A. V. Dmitriev, V. A. Parkhomov, B. Tsegmed

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3 Scopus citations


We study two events of structured Pc1 waves (pearls) observed by CARISMA magnetometers during a period of quiet magnetic (Kp ~1) and solar wind conditions on 1 August 2008. Bursts of proton precipitations and electromagnetic ion-cyclotron waves were simultaneously observed by NOAA/POES and GOES satellites at dayside. Apparent correspondence was found between ground pearl pulsations and magnetospheric compressions observed by GOES and THEMIS satellites. We have found the Pc1 wave splitting into very close subfrequencies (within 0.1 Hz) that can be explained by weak magnetospheric compressions. The compressions are caused by pressure pulses originated from transient foreshock and interplanetary magnetic field discontinuities observed upstream of the bow shock by the THEMIS-C probe. Thus, the observed pearls are compression-related Pc1 waves generated under transient foreshock conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9075-9093
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2019


  • Pc1 pulsations
  • foreshock
  • pearls
  • pressure pulses


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