TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantum radiation and dissipation in relation to classical radiation and radiation reaction

AU - Hsiang, Jen Tsung

AU - Hu, Bei Lok

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI. Funded by SCOAP3.

PY - 2022/8/15

Y1 - 2022/8/15

N2 - This work continues the investigation of radiation phenomena from emitter-field interactions, extending our earlier study [J.-T. Hsiang and B. L. Hu, Physics 1, 430 (2019).PHYSGM1943-287910.3390/physics1030031] of quantum radiation from a stationary emitter's internal degree of freedom, modeled by a harmonic oscillator, to the emittance of classical radiation. By assuming that the emitter interacts with a quantum scalar field initially in a coherent state, we show how a stochastic component of the internal dynamics of the emitter arises from the vacuum fluctuations of the field, resulting in the emittance of quantum radiation, whose reaction induces quantum dissipation in the internal dynamics. We also show how the deterministic mean field drives the internal classical mean component to emit classical radiation and receive classical radiation reaction. Both components are statistically distinct and fully decoupled. It is clearly seen that the effects of the vacuum fluctuations of the field are matched with those of quantum radiation reaction, not with classical radiation reaction, as the folklore goes. In contrast to the quantum component of the emitter's internal dynamics, which always equilibrates, the relaxation dynamics of the classical component largely depends on the late-time behavior of the mean field. For the values of the parameters defining the coherent state of the field much greater than unity, if the mean field remains periodic, then the internal dynamics of the emitter will appear classical and periodic. If the mean field diminishes with time, then the classical component of the emitter's internal dynamics subsides but the quantum component will abide and dynamically equilibrate. This also explains why quantum radiation from a stationary emitter is not observed, and a probe located far away only sees classical radiation. Our analysis therefore paints a continuum landscape starting from vacuum fluctuations in the quantum field to classical radiation and radiation reaction.

AB - This work continues the investigation of radiation phenomena from emitter-field interactions, extending our earlier study [J.-T. Hsiang and B. L. Hu, Physics 1, 430 (2019).PHYSGM1943-287910.3390/physics1030031] of quantum radiation from a stationary emitter's internal degree of freedom, modeled by a harmonic oscillator, to the emittance of classical radiation. By assuming that the emitter interacts with a quantum scalar field initially in a coherent state, we show how a stochastic component of the internal dynamics of the emitter arises from the vacuum fluctuations of the field, resulting in the emittance of quantum radiation, whose reaction induces quantum dissipation in the internal dynamics. We also show how the deterministic mean field drives the internal classical mean component to emit classical radiation and receive classical radiation reaction. Both components are statistically distinct and fully decoupled. It is clearly seen that the effects of the vacuum fluctuations of the field are matched with those of quantum radiation reaction, not with classical radiation reaction, as the folklore goes. In contrast to the quantum component of the emitter's internal dynamics, which always equilibrates, the relaxation dynamics of the classical component largely depends on the late-time behavior of the mean field. For the values of the parameters defining the coherent state of the field much greater than unity, if the mean field remains periodic, then the internal dynamics of the emitter will appear classical and periodic. If the mean field diminishes with time, then the classical component of the emitter's internal dynamics subsides but the quantum component will abide and dynamically equilibrate. This also explains why quantum radiation from a stationary emitter is not observed, and a probe located far away only sees classical radiation. Our analysis therefore paints a continuum landscape starting from vacuum fluctuations in the quantum field to classical radiation and radiation reaction.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85136138192&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.106.045002

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.106.045002

M3 - 期刊論文

AN - SCOPUS:85136138192

VL - 106

JO - Physical Review D

JF - Physical Review D

SN - 2470-0010

IS - 4

M1 - 045002

ER -