## Abstract

An alternate method of two-photon spectroscopy is presented where cesium atoms interact with a phase-modulated laser beam. Doppler-free two-photon spectroscopy of the cesium atom 6S→8S hyperfine transition was used to experimentally demonstrate quantum interfered two-photon spectra. We calculated the photon-atom interaction by second-order perturbation theory and assumed that the one-photon frequency is detuned far from any intermediate state. Then we calculated the relative transition rates of all spectral lines resolved by the laser carrier and sidebands. A physical picture of multipathway quantum interference in the frequency domain is given that explains the unusual line strength, based on the trick that a phase-modulated laser beam can be decomposed into a series of coherent and collinear laser modes (carrier and sidebands). For all pairs of modes in which the sum frequency of each pair was on resonance with the cesium atom 6S→8S transition, the superposition of all pathways induced by the different mode pairs resulted in a destructive interference, which then leads to a lack of absorption. We have shown in this paper that our calculation agrees very well with our experimental results in terms of the relative interfered line strengths, which were functions of modulation depth. We further discuss some related issues concerning laser stabilization and we demonstrate an approach for simultaneously comparing two cesium cells.

Original language | English |
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Article number | 042504 |

Journal | Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics |

Volume | 92 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 9 Oct 2015 |