Pyrolysis of MWI fly ash - Effect on dioxin-like congeners

Pao Chen Hung, Qing Hui Chen, Moo Been Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Removal and destruction of dioxin-like congeners, including polychlorinated dibenzo- p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and biphenyls (PCBs), from fly ash were investigated at varying pyrolysis temperatures and reaction times and using calcium-based additives. Destruction efficiencies based on TEQ and mass both increase with rising treatment temperature. However, additional low chlorinated PCDD/Fs were formed significantly by dechlorination of high chlorinated PCDD/Fs, at pyrolysis temperatures of 250 and 300. °C. Surprisingly, lower destruction efficiencies were realized in the presence of Ca-based additive, compared with those without additive, and TEQ values of fly ash into which CaO was introduced increased, compared with the raw ash, due to significant formation of low chlorinated PCDD/Fs (4-5 Cl). However, complex interactions among unburned carbon, sulfur and metals in the fly ash collected in this study make it difficult to pinpoint the exact causes. The results obtained in this study indicate that degradation and formation of dioxin-like congeners take place simultaneously in pyrolysis process, such as formation of low chlorinated PCDD/Fs via dechlorination of highly chlorinated PCDD/Fs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)857-863
Number of pages7
JournalChemosphere
Volume92
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Dechlorination
  • Dl-PCBs
  • Fly ash
  • PCDD/F
  • Pyrolysis

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