PVdF-HFP/P123 hybrid with mesopores: A new matrix for high-conducting, low-leakage porous polymer electrolyte

Chun Guey Wu, Ming I. Lu, Huey Jan Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly conducting porous polymer electrolytes comprised of poly(vinylidene-fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (PVdF-HFP), polyethylene oxide-co-polypropylene oxide-co-polyethylene oxide (P123), ethylene carbonate (EC), propylene carbonate (PC), and LiClO4 were fabricated. The PVdF-HFP/P123 hybrid polymer membranes were made with a phase inverse method and the electrolyte solution uptake was carried out in glove box to avoid the moisture contamination. It was found that when a small amount of polymer surfactant (P123) was blended into the PVdF-HFP, mesopores with well-defined sizes were formed. Impedance spectroscopy showed that the room temperature conductivity of (PVdF-HFP)/P123 polymer electrolytes increased as the content of P123 increased up to 4×10-3 S/cm. Nitrogen adsorption isotherms, electrolyte solution uptake, porosity measurements, and SEM micrographs showed that the enhanced conductivity was due to increase the pore volume, pore density, and electrolyte uptake. The highest conduction was found when the weight ratio of P123 to PVdF-HFP was 70%, when big channels were formed in the hybrid polymer membrane. Furthermore, blending P123 in PVDF-HFP reduced the pore size of polymer membrane, therefore, the solution leakage was also reduced. These polymer electrolytes were stable up to 4.5 V (vs Li/Li +) and the performance of the model lithium ion battery made by sandwiching the polymer electrolyte between a LiCoO2 anode and a MCMB cathode, showed great promise for the use of these polymer electrolytes in lithium ion batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5929-5938
Number of pages10
JournalPolymer
Volume46
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2005

Keywords

  • Ionic conductivity
  • Porous polymer
  • Solid electrolytes

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