Proteomic analysis of proteins in PC12 cells before and after treatment with nerve growth factor: Increased levels of a 43-kDa chromogranin B-derived fragment during neuronal differentiation

Chun Ming Huang, Hao Ai Shui, Ying Ta Wu, Pei Wei Chu, Kuo Ging Lin, Lung Sen Kao, Shui Tein Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

Proteomic analysis is an important approach to characterizing the proteome and studying protein function in the post-genomic era. It is also a powerful screening method for detecting unexpected alterations in protein expression that may be missed by conventional biochemical techniques. The aim of this study was to perform a preliminary proteomic analysis of PC12 cells in order to investigate the effect of nerve growth factor (NGF) on protein expression in PC12 cells during neurite outgrowth. PC12 cell proteins were separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2DE) and visualized by silver staining, then certain proteins were identified by N-terminal amino acid microsequencing and a homology search of a protein sequence database. Over 400 proteins were detected, 10% of which showed a significant (greater than 30%) increase or decrease in expression during NGF-induced neuronal differentiation. Seven proteins in the 2DE map were identified; the levels of five of these were unaffected by NGF treatment, whereas the levels of the other two, β-tubulin and a novel 43-kDa chromogranin B-derived fragment, were significantly increased by more than 30 and 200%, respectively. Our results suggest that chromogranin B processing is enhanced in PC12 cells during NGF-induced neuronal differentiation. In addition, since this increase in the levels of the chromogranin B-derived fragment was specifically blocked by PD98059, we suggest that the increased processing can be ascribed to activation of the MAP kinase pathway, and that the 43-kDa chromogranin B-derived fragment can serve as a new marker of neuronal differentiation for proteomic studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-192
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Brain Research
Volume92
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Aug 2001

Keywords

  • Chromogranin B
  • Differentiation
  • Nerve growth factor
  • PC12 cells
  • Proteome

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