Projective complex matrix factorization for facial expression recognition

Viet Hang Duong, Yuan Shan Lee, Jian Jiun Ding, Bach Tung Pham, Manh Quan Bui, Pham The Bao, Jia Ching Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


In this paper, a dimensionality reduction method applied on facial expression recognition is investigated. An unsupervised learning framework, projective complex matrix factorization (proCMF), is introduced to project high-dimensional input facial images into a lower dimension subspace. The proCMF model is related to both the conventional projective nonnegative matrix factorization (proNMF) and the cosine dissimilarity metric in the simple manner by transforming real data into the complex domain. A projective matrix is then found through solving an unconstraint complex optimization problem. The gradient descent method was utilized to optimize a complex cost function. Extensive experiments carried on the extended Cohn-Kanade and the JAFFE databases show that the proposed proCMF model provides even better performance than state-of-the-art methods for facial expression recognition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
JournalEurasip Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018


  • Complex matrix factorization
  • Facial expression recognition
  • Nonnegative matrix factorization
  • Projected gradient descent


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