Profiling human saliva endogenous peptidome via a high throughput MALDI-TOF-TOF mass spectrometry

Chun Ming Huang, Wenhong Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Establishment of a saliva protein/peptide signature will provide important information for clinical diagnostics and prognosis of human disease. We digested human whole saliva with trypsin to create a tryptic digest salivary peptidome. Proteins/peptides were subsequently identified by high throughput tandem mass spectrometry in conjunction with database searching. Sixty-three saliva peptides corresponding to twenty-two saliva proteins were identified. Thirty of sixty-three saliva peptides with non-specific tryptic cleavage sites were derived from proline-rich proteins, mucin 7, statherin and collagen. Several peptides derived from proline-rich proteins exhibit proline (Pro) - glutamine (Gln) C-termini (-PQ C-termini). Seven peptides with -PQ C-termini were identified in undigested whole saliva, suggesting that peptides with -PQ C-termini indigenously exist in human saliva. Peptides with -PQ C-termini are known to bind oral bacteria and exhibit properties characteristic of innate-immunity peptides. Thus, a saliva peptidome containing peptides with -PQ C-termini, as presented here, may reinforce the development of innate-immunity-related disease monitoring using noninvasive saliva samples and mass spectrometry-based techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-531
Number of pages11
JournalCombinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Human whole saliva
  • Mass spectrometry
  • Peptidome
  • Tryptic digest

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