Production of electricity and reduction of high-fat diet-induced IL-6 by glucose fermentation of Leuconostoc mesenteroides

John Jackson Yang, Adelia Riezka Rahim, Albert Jackson Yang, Tsung Hsien Chuang, Chun Ming Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Electrogenic bacteria can mediate electron transfer to conserve energy and promote growth. To examine bacterial electrogenicity, an L. mesenteroides EH-1 strain was cultured in rich media in the presence and absence of 2% glucose. After 12 h incubation, glucose triggered fermentation of L. mesenteroides EH-1 to produce >10 mmol/l acetate and elicit electricity measured by voltage changes. The electricity production was mediated by glucose fermentation since pre-treatment of L. mesenteroides EH-1 with furfural, a fermentation inhibitor, completely diminished the voltage increases. The deficiency of furfural pre-treated L. mesenteroides EH-1 in electricity production can be restored by the external addition of acetate into the bacterial culture, suggesting the function of acetate as an electron donor. Oral administration of HFD-fed mice with L. mesenteroides EH-1 in the presence or absence of glucose significantly attenuated the high level of pro-inflammatory IL-6 cytokine in blood. Bacterial electricity can be elicited by fermentation. Supplementation of fermenting and electrogenic L. mesenteroides EH-1 may provide a novel approach for the reduction of pro-inflammatory IL-6 cytokine that increased in chronic inflammation, autoimmune diseases, cancers, and infections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)651-656
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - 17 Dec 2020


  • Electrogenic
  • Fermentation
  • IL-6
  • L. mesenteroides


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