Primary amine modified gold nanodots regulate macrophage function and antioxidant response: Potential therapeutics targeting of nrf2

Yueh Hsia Luo, Hsien Jen Cheng, Feng Yuan Tsai, Tsui Chun Tsou, Shu Yi Lin, Pinpin Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Gold nanoparticles with high biocompatibility and immunomodulatory properties have potential applications in the development of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for nanomedicine. Nanoparticles targeting macrophages can manipulate or control immunological diseases. This study assessed the activity of dendrimer-encapsulated gold nanodots (AuNDs) with three surface modifications [ie, outfacing groups with primary amine (AuNDs-NH2), hydroxyl (AuNDs-OH), and quaternary ammonium ions (AuNDs-CH3)] regulated macrophage function and antioxidant response through Nrf2-dependent pathway. Methods: AuNDs were prepared and characterized. Intracellular distribution of AuNDs in human macrophages was observed through confocal microscopy. The activity of AuNDs was evaluated using macrophage functions and antioxidant response in the human macrophage cell line THP-1. Results: AuNDs-NH2 and AuNDs-CH3, but not AuNDs-OH, drove the obvious Nrf2-antioxidant response element pathway in THP-1 cells. Of the three, AuNDs-NH2 consider-ably increased mRNA levels and antioxidant activities of heme oxygenase 1 and NAD(P)H quinone dehydrogenase 1 in THP-1 cells. IL-6 mRNA and protein expression was mediated through Nrf2 activation in AuNDs-NH2-treated macrophages. Furthermore, Nrf2 activation by AuNDs-NH2 increased the phagocytic ability of THP-1 macrophages. Conclusion: AuNDs-NH2 had immunomodulatory activities in macrophages. The findings of the present work suggested that AuNDs have potential effects against chronic inflammatory diseases via the Nrf2 pathway.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8411-8426
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Nanomedicine
Volume15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Antioxidant
  • Gold nanodots
  • Inflammation
  • Macrophage

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