Preparation of vanadium-doped titanium dioxide neutral sol and its photocatalytic applications under UV light irradiation

Yu Wen Chen, Jyh Ying Chang, Benjawan Moongraksathum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

A sol-gel method was used to prepare V-doped TiO2 sol. TiCl4 was converted to Ti(OH)4 and H2O2 was then added to convert it to TiO2 at high temperature. The sols with various contents of V were used to prepared thin films on glass substrate by dip-coating method. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and UV-vis spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activities of the V-TiO2 thin films were investigated by the degradation of methylene blue under UV light irradiation. The as-prepared V-TiO2 sol was neutral and showed high stability of nanoparticles suspended in the sol without any surfactant. The shape of particle was rhombus and possessed high aspect ratio. The V-TiO2 particles were in anatase and nanosize, so they do not need annealing process to form crystals after coating on the substrate. V doping can produce more photogenerated electrons and holes, which improved the photocatalytic activity. However, overdoes V in TiO2 would lead to form the recombination centers and suppressed the activity. The optimum NH4VO3/TiO2 weight ratio in starting materials was 3%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-146
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume52
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2015

Keywords

  • Coatings
  • Nano-structure
  • Semiconductor
  • Sol-gel growth
  • Thin films

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