Preparation and characterization of pure rutile TiO2 nanoparticles for photocatalytic study and thin films for dye-sensitized solar cells

Chaochin Su, Huei Siou Chen, Ji Lian Chen, Tsai Yin Yang, Nai Mu Hsu, Wen Ren Li

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Abstract

Pure rutile-phase TiO2 (r-TiO2) was synthesized by a simple one pot experiment under hydrothermal condition using titanium (IV) n-butoxide as a Ti-precursor and HCl as a peptizer. The TiO2 products were characterized by XRD, TEM, ESCA, and BET surface area measurement. The r-TiO2 were rodlike in shape with average size of 61 32 nm at hydrothermal temperature of 220()C for 10h. Hydrothermal treatment at longer reaction time increased the tendency of crystal growth and also decreased the BET surface area. The degradation of methylene blue was selected as a test reaction to confer the photocatalytic activity of as-obtained r-TiO2. The results showed a strong correlation between the structure evolution, particle size, and photocatalytic performance of r-TiO2. Furthermore, the r-TiO2-based solar cell was prepared for the photovoltaic characteristics study, and the best efficiency of 3.16 was obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Article number869618
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2011
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011

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