Prediction of survival of ICU patients using computational intelligence

Yi Zeng Hsieh, Mu Chun Su, Chen Hsu Wang, Pa Chun Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper presents a computational-intelligence-based model to predict the survival rate of critically ill patients who were admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU). The prediction input variables were based on the first 24. h admission physiological data of ICU patients to forecast whether the final outcome was survival or not. The prediction model was based on a particle swarm optimization (PSO)-based Fuzzy Hyper-Rectangular Composite Neural Network (PFHRCNN) that integrates three computational intelligence tools including hyper-rectangular composite neural networks, fuzzy systems and PSO. It could help doctors to make appropriate treatment decisions without excessive laboratory tests. The performance of the proposed prediction model was evaluated on the data set collected from 300 ICU patients in the Cathy General Hospital in 2012. There were 10 input variables in total for the prediction model. Nine of these variables (e.g. systolic arterial blood pressures, systolic non-invasive blood pressures, respiratory rate, heart rate, and body temperature) were routinely available for 24. h in ICU and the last variable is patient's age. The proposed model could achieve a 96% and 86% accuracy rate for the training data and testing data, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-19
Number of pages7
JournalComputers in Biology and Medicine
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Clinical management
  • Computational intelligence
  • Fuzzy systems
  • ICU
  • Neural networks
  • Prediction of survival rate

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