Practical robust geotechnical design of supported excavations - A case history of excavation in Taiwan

Sara Khoshnevisan, Lei Wang, C. Hsein Juang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Uncertainty in soil parameters and variation in surcharge loading applied to the ground surface often make engineers overdesign for safety, which may lead to a cost inefficient design. In order to get a design, which is safe, insensitive to the uncertainties, and also cost efficient, the concept of robust geotechnical design (RGD) is adopted. In RGD methodology, robustness and cost are the main objectives to be optimized, while satisfying the safety requirement, by only adjusting the design parameters without reducing the existing uncertainties. In this paper, the aim is to develop an efficient and practical RGD for a design of a deep excavation supported by soldier pile anchor tieback system, using a single spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel. However, the analysis of complex supported excavation using numerical software such as Deepex 2015 within the RGD framework is computationally challenging. To make this RGD approach efficient and practical, the response surface procedure is adopted. In the design optimization, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is taken as the robustness measure. The optimization between cost and robustness is performed in a single spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel using Solver. To locate the best compromise between these objectives, the minimum distance approach (MD) is adopted which can be implemented easily in a spreadsheet. Finally, the results are compared to the original design constructed in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeotechnical Special Publication
EditorsThomas L. Brandon, Richard J. Valentine
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Number of pages13
EditionGSP 278
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480458
StatePublished - 2017
EventGeotechnical Frontiers 2017 - Orlando, United States
Duration: 12 Mar 201715 Mar 2017

Publication series

NameGeotechnical Special Publication
NumberGSP 278
ISSN (Print)0895-0563


ConferenceGeotechnical Frontiers 2017
Country/TerritoryUnited States


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