Potential and anion effects on the adsorption of 3′,4′-bis(hexylthio)-2,2′:5′,2′'-terthiophene on Au(1 1 1) electrode characterized by in situ STM

Yu Chun Hsiao, Arulmozhi Velusamy, Shakil N. Afraj, Jia Hao Liu, Cheng Liang Liu, Ming Chou Chen, Hsien Ming Kao, Shuehlin Yau

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Abstract

The adsorption of organic molecules on gold electrodes serves as a model to understand the organic/inorganic electrified interface, which is relevant to the study of molecular electronics and organic thin film semiconductors. Our previous study on terthiophene (TT) adsorption on an Au(1 1 1) electrode shows that immersing Au(1 1 1) crystals in a TT ethanol dosing solution installs an ordered TT adlayer on the sample. The current study addresses the adsorption of 3′,4′-bis(hexylthio)-2,2′:5′,2′'-terthiophene (DTDST), a molecule with a TT backbone attached with two thiolhexyl chains, on an ordered Au(1 1 1) electrode. High-quality STM images were obtained to reveal the internal and 2D spatial structures of DTDST admolecules. The potential greatly influenced the organization of DTDST on the ordered Au(1 1 1) electrode. Although the pristine DTDST adlayer was disordered, it transformed into ordered Au(1 1 1) - (3√3 × 9) and (5√3 × 26) structures after applying a potential more negative than 0 V (vs. Ag/AgCl) in 0.1 M H2SO4 and HClO4, respectively. Shifting the potential more positive than 0.25 V resulted in coadsorption of bisulfate anions and restructuring of the DTDST adlayer. High-quality molecular resolution STM images were collected to reveal the azimuthal orientation of the DTDST admolecule on the Au(1 1 1) electrode. The thiolhexyl chains of DTDST admolecules could arrange in such a way that allowed intermolecular van der Waals interactions. Oxidation of adsorbed DTDST molecules to yield oligomers was also revealed by in situ STM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117646
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume944
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2023

Keywords

  • Anion coadsorption
  • In situ STM
  • Molecular adsorption
  • Oligothiophene
  • Ordered Au(1 1 1) electrode
  • Substituted terthiophene

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