Polarimetric calibration of SIR-C using point and distributed targets

K. Sarabandi, L. Pierce, M. C. Dobson, T. C. Chiu, F. T. Ulaby, J. Stiles

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


In preparation for the Shuttle Imaging Radar-C/XSAR (SIR-C/XSAR) flights, the University of Michigan has been involved in the development of calibration procedures and precision calibration devices to quantify the complex radar images with an accuracy of 0.5 dB in magnitude and 5 degrees in phase. In this calibration campaign in the Raco calibration super-site an array of point calibration targets including trihedral corner reflectors and polarimetric active radar calibrators (PARCs) in addition to a uniform distributed target were used for characterizing the radiometric calibration constant and the distortion parameters of the C-band SAR. The distributed target used in this experiment was a field of grass, sometimes covered with snow, whose differential Mueller matrix was measured immediately after the SIR-C overpass using The University of Michigan polarimetric scatterometer systems. The scatterometers were calibrated against a precision metallic sphere and measured 100 independent spatial samples for characterizing the differential Mueller matrix of the distributed target to achieve the desired calibration accuracy. The L-band SAR has not yet been adequately calibrated for inclusion here.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages3
StatePublished - 1995
EventProceedings of the 1995 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Part 1 (of 3) - Firenze, Italy
Duration: 10 Jul 199514 Jul 1995


ConferenceProceedings of the 1995 International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. Part 1 (of 3)
CityFirenze, Italy


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