Plausible effect of atmospheric tides on the equatorial ionosphere observed by the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC: Three-dimensional electron density structures

C. H. Lin, W. Wang, M. E. Hagan, C. C. Hsiao, T. J. Immel, M. L. Hsu, J. Y. Liu, L. J. Paxton, T. W. Fang, C. H. Liu

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Abstract

The plausible effect of atmospheric tides on the longitudinal structure of the equatorial ionosphere is observed by the FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC (F3/C) constellation during September Equinox, 2006, near solar minimum. The longitudinal structure was first reported in IMAGE satellite airglow observations at the far-ultraviolet (FUV) 135.6-nm wavelength during March Equinox, 2002, near solar maximum. The global three-dimensional ionospheric electron density observed by F3/C shows a prominent four-peaked wave-like longitudinal enhancement in the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA). The vertical electron density structures observed by F3/C reveal that the feature exists mainly above 250 km altitude indicating that the feature is an F-region phenomenon. The four longitudinal F-region enhancements of the EIA peaks may result from a stronger equatorial plasma fountain at each longitude region produced by a stronger F-region eastward electric field transmitted along the magnetic field lines from E-region where longitudinal variations in atmospheric tides affect the ionospheric dynamo process.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL11112
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume34
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Jun 2007

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