Photocatalytic antibacterial effectiveness of Cu-doped TiO2 thin film prepared via the peroxo sol-gel method

Benjawan Moongraksathum, Jun Ya Shang, Yu Wen Chen

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40 Scopus citations


Cu-doped titanium dioxide thin films (Cu/TiO2) were prepared on glass substrate via peroxo sol-gel method and dip-coating process with no subsequent calcination process for the degradation of organic dye and use as an antibacterial agent. The as-prepared materials were characterised using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). For photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue in water, the samples were subjected to Ultraviolet C (UVC) and visible light irradiation. Degraded methylene blue concentration was measured using UV-Vis spectrophotometer. The antibacterial activities of the samples were tested against the gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli (ATCC25922). Copper species were present in the form of CuO on the surface of modified TiO2 particles, which was confirmed using TEM and XPS. The optimal observed Cu/TiO2 weight ratio of 0.5 represents the highest photocatalytic activities under both UVC and visible light irradiation. Moreover, the same composition remarkably exhibited high antibacterial effectiveness against E. coli after illumination with ultraviolet A. The presence of CuO on TiO2 significantly enhanced photocatalytic activities. Therefore, active Cu-doped TiO2 can be used as a multipurpose coating material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number352
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2018


  • Antibacterial
  • Copper oxide
  • Photocatalyst
  • Thin film
  • Titanium dioxide
  • Visible light


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