Personal spoken sentence retrieval using two-level feature matching and MPEG-7 audio LLDs

Po Chuan Lin, Jhing Fa Wang, Jia Ching Wang, Jun Jin Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Conventional spoken sentence retrieval (SSR) relies on a large-vocabulary continuousspeech recognition (LVCSR) system. This investigation proposes a feature-based speakerdependent SSR algorithm using two-level matching. Users can speak keywords as the query inputs to get the similarity ranks from a spoken sentence database. For instance, if a user is looking for a relevant personal spoken sentence, "October 12, I have a meeting in New York" in the database, then the appropriate query input could be "meeting", "New York" or "October". in the first level, a Similar Frame Tagging scheme is proposed to locate possible segments of the database sentences that are similar to the user's query utterance. in the second level, a Fine Similarity Evaluation between the query and each possible segment is performed. Based on the feature-based comparison, the proposed algorithm does not require acoustic and language models, thus our SSR algorithm is language independent. Effective feature selection is the next issue in this paper. in addition to the conventional mel frequency cepstrum coefficients (MFCCs), several MPEG-7 audio lowlevel descriptors (LLDs) are also used as the features to exploit their ability for SSR. Experimental results revealed that the retrieval performance using MPEG-7 audio LLDs was close to that of the MFCCs. The combination of MPEG-7 audio LLDs and the MFCCs could further improve the retrieval precision. Based on the feature-based matching, the proposed algorithm has the advantages of language independent and speaker dependent training free. Comparing to the original methods [10, 11], with only 0.026 ∼ 0.05 precision decrease, the addition and multiplication numbers are reduced by around a factor of lq (frame number of query). It is particularly suitable for the use in resource-limited devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1238
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Information Science and Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2009


  • Audio low level descriptors
  • Feature-based comparison
  • Matching algorithm
  • MPEG-7
  • Spoken sentence retrieval


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