Penetration and diffusion of hydrogen in Mg2Ni: A first-principles investigation

Guang Xu Li, Zhi Qiang Lan, Yu Sheng Tseng, Wen Zheng Zhou, Jin Guo, Sammy Lap Ip Chan

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7 Scopus citations


First-principles calculations have been used to study the hydrogen adsorption and diffusion in both hexagonal Mg2Ni surface and bulk Mg2Ni, and the hydrogen diffusion rate in bulk Mg2Ni is evaluated. The calculation shows that the adsorption energies on Mg2Ni (100) surface are much higher than in bulk Mg2Ni. For hydrogen diffusing from Mg2Ni (100) surface to subsurface, three diffusion pathways have been studied, and the lowest energy barrier is found to be 0.64 eV. To study the hydrogen atom diffusion in bulk Mg2Ni, nine possible diffusion paths have been considered. The results show hydrogen diffusion from Ni[sbnd]Ni bridge sites to the most nearby Mg[sbnd]Ni bridges site is energetically more favorable than the other paths. The energy barrier of this process is 0.34eV, which is close to experimental data of 0.28 ± 0.04 eV. The temperature dependence of the jump rates has been investigated in some details using harmonic transition state theory and semi-classically corrected harmonic transition state theory. The calculated diffusion constant is in good agreement with the experimental data.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3097-3105
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2 Feb 2017


  • Adsorption energies
  • Diffusion rates
  • Hydrogen penetration and diffusion
  • MgNi


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