Parallel fully coupled Schwarz preconditioners for saddle point problems

Feng Nan Hwang, Xiao Chuan Cai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


We study some parallel overlapping Schwarz preconditioners for solving Stokes-like problems arising from finite element discretization of incompressible flow problems. Most of the existing methods are based on the splitting of the velocity and pressure variables. With the splitting, fast solution methods are often constructed using various fast Poisson solvers for one of the variables. More recently, several papers have investigated the so-called fully coupled approaches in which the variables are not separated. The fully coupled approach has some advantages over the variable splitting method when solving Stokes-like equations with many variables, where a good splitting may be hard to obtain. In this paper we systematically study the parallel scalability of several versions of the fully coupled Schwarz method for both symmetric and nonsymmetric Stokes-like problems. We show numerically that the performance of a two-level method with a multiplicative iterative coarse solver is superior to the other variants of Schwarz preconditioners.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-162
Number of pages17
JournalElectronic Transactions on Numerical Analysis
StatePublished - 2006


  • Finite element
  • Fully coupled methods
  • Parallel processing
  • Saddle point problem
  • Two-level Schwarz preconditioning


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