p-type conductive NiOx: Cu thin films with high carrier mobility deposited by ion beam assisted deposition

Hui Sun, Sheng Chi Chen, Pei Jie Chen, Sin Liang Ou, Cheng Yi Liu, Yan Qing Xin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Transparent conductive NiO thin films with 18 at% Cu dopant were fabricated by ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD). Their structural and optoelectronic properties were compared with undoped NiO films and NiO films doped with 12 at% Cu, and also compared with NiO:Cu (18 at%) films deposited by RF sputtering as reported in our previous work. The results show that the crystallinity of NiO thin films deposited through IBAD technology is much better than that of the films deposited by RF sputtering. Thanks to this reason, the highest carrier mobility above 45 cm2V−1s−1 for NiO:Cu (18 at%) film can be realized here. Meanwhile, the films’ resistivity remains an acceptable value, varying from 2.05 to 0.064 Ω cm with oxygen ion beam current changing from 0.2 to 0.8 A. This feature is imperative for p-type transparent conductive oxides (TCOs) applied in various domains. In addition, with oxygen ion beam current increase, the increase of the Ni3+/Ni2+ ratio leads to more Ni2+ vacancies be introduced into NiO films, which is beneficial to generate holes and improve carrier concentration. In this work, the optimal carrier mobility of NiO film doped with 18 at% Cu is obtained when the oxygen ion beam current is 0.2 A. Its carrier concentration and electrical resistivity are 7.26 ×1016 cm−3 and 2.05 Ω cm, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3291-3296
Number of pages6
JournalCeramics International
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2018


  • Carrier mobility
  • IBAD
  • NiO films
  • p-type conductivity


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