Oxidation of TCE by Combining Perovskite-Type Catalyst with DBD

Kuan Lun Pan, Cheng Bin He, Moo Been Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel hybrid system constituting of La-Mn-based perovskite-type catalyst with nonthermal plasma (NTP) is developed and evaluated for the removal of trichloroethylene (TCE) from gas streams. Ce and Ni were used as promoter for modification LaMnO 3 because addition of Ce and Ni could enhance redox property and activity of catalyst. First, the activities of various perovskites including LaMnO 3 , La 0.8 Ce 0.2 MnO 3 , and La 0.8 Ce 0.2 Mn 0.8 Ni 0.2 O 3 were evaluated for TCE removal via catalysis, and the results indicate that La 0.8 Ce 0.2 Mn 0.8 Ni 0.2 O 3 has the highest activity for TCE removal among three perovskites prepared. The three perovskites are individually combined with NTP to form various plasma catalysis systems for TCE removal. Experimental results indicate that 100% TCE removal efficiency can be achieved with plasma catalysis (La 0.8 Ce 0.2 Mn 0.8 Ni 0.2 O 3 ) when the system is operated with the applied voltage of 16 or 17 kV. On the other hand, the highest TCE removal efficiency achieved with NTP alone is 73.2% with the applied voltage of 17 kV. In addition, CO 2 mineralization efficiencies achieved with plasma catalysis combined with La 0.8 Ce 0.2 Mn 0.8 Ni 0.2 O 3 (31.1%-46.6%) are significantly higher than that of NTP alone (8.4%-13.1%). It is worth noting that concentrations of O 3 and NO x generated with plasma catalysis are significantly lower than that of NTP alone, implying that formation of O 3 and NO x could be effectively decomposed as plasma catalysis is applied for TCE removal. Overall, perovskite-type catalyst can be integrated with NTP to form plasma catalysis system for effective removal of TCE from gas streams.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8591874
Pages (from-to)1152-1163
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Plasma Science
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • Chlorinated volatile organic compounds (Cl-VOCs)
  • nonthermal plasma (NTP)
  • perovskite-type catalyst
  • plasma catalysis
  • trichloroethylene (TCE)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Oxidation of TCE by Combining Perovskite-Type Catalyst with DBD'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this