Oxidant (O3 + NO2) production processes and formation regimes in Beijing

Keding Lu, Yuanhang Zhang, Hang Su, Theo Brauers, Charles C. Chou, Andreas Hofzumahaus, Shaw C. Liu, Kazuyuki Kita, Yutaka Kondo, Min Shao, Andreas Wahner, Jialin Wang, Xuesong Wang, Tong Zhu

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Abstract

For CareBeijing-2006, two sites were established in urban and suburban regions of Beijing in summer 2006. Observations of O3 and its precursors together with meteorological parameters at both sites are presented. Gross ozone production rate P(O3) and sensitivity to nitric oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were investigated using an observation-based photochemical box model (OBM). P(O3) varied from nearly zero to 120 and 50 ppb h-1 for urban and suburban sites, respectively. These rates were greater than the accumulation rates of the observed oxidant (O3 + NO2) concentrations. The O 3 episodes typically appeared under southerly wind conditions with high P(O3), especially at the urban site. Sensitivity studies with and without measured nitrous acid (HONO) as a model constraint suggested that the estimated P(O3) at both sites was strongly enhanced by radical production from HONO photolysis. Both NOx- and VOC-sensitive chemistries existed over time scales from hours to days at the two sites. The variation in O3-sensitive chemistry was relatively well explained by the ratio of the average daytime total VOC reactivity (kTVOC) to NO, with the transition chemistry corresponding to a kTVOC/NO value of 2-4 s-1 ppb-1. Pronounced diurnal variations in the O 3 production regime were found. In the morning, conditions were always strongly VOC-limited, while in the afternoon, conditions were variable for different days and different sites. The model-calculated results were tested by measurements of H2O2, HNO3, total OH reactivity, and HOx radicals. The OBM was generally capable of correctly simulating the levels of P(O3), although it might tend to overpredict the VOC-sensitive chemistry.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberD07104
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research E: Planets
Volume115
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

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