Orographic-Induced Strong Wind Associated With a Low-Pressure System Under Clear-Air Condition During ICE-POP 2018

Chia Lun Tsai, Kwonil Kim, Yu Chieng Liou, Jung Hoon Kim, Yong Hee Lee, Gyu Won Lee

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A strong wind event under clear-air conditions during the 2018 Winter Olympic and Paralympic games in Pyeongchang, Korea, was examined using various datasets. High spatiotemporal resolution wind information was obtained by Doppler lidars, automatic weather stations, wind profiler, sounding observations, reanalysis datasets under the International Collaborative Experiments for Pyeongchang 2018 Olympic and Paralympic winter games (ICE-POP 2018). This study aimed to understand the possible mechanisms of localized strong winds across a high mountainous area and on the leeside associated with the underlying large-scale pattern of a low-pressure system (LPS). The evolution of surface winds shows quite different patterns, exhibiting intensification of strong winds in the leeside and periodically persistent strong winds in upstream mountainous areas with the approaching LPS. The surface wind speed was intensified from ∼3 to ∼12 m s−1 (gusts were stronger than 20 m s−1 above the ground) at a surface station in the leeside. A budget analysis of the horizontal momentum equation suggested that the pressure gradient force (PGF) contributed from adiabatic warming and the passage of LPS was the main factor in the acceleration of the surface wind in the leeward side of the mountains. The detailed 3D winds revealed that the PGF also modulated the background winds at the mountainous station, which caused persistent strong and periodic winds (range of ∼7 to ∼12 m s−1) related to the channeling effect. The evidence showed that under the same synoptic condition of a LPS, different mechanisms are important for strong winds in determining the strength and persistence of orographic-induced strong winds under clear-air conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021JD036418
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres
Issue number13
StatePublished - 16 Jul 2022


  • channel effect
  • clear-air
  • Doppler lidar
  • pressure gradient force
  • strong wind


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