An unexpectedly large uplift of 91 mm was detected by geodetic observations during the rupture of 2016 Mw 6.4 Meinong earthquake, Taiwan, which has been attributed as either a triggered anelastic and hydrologic related deformation from a proposed duplex/mud diapir or a triggered aseismic slip on a proposed backthrust. Here, using both high-rate GNSS and free-field strong motion data, we first estimated the coseismic source model. The locations of high PGV were inferred to explain the unexpected distribution of damaged buildings approximately 25–30 km west of the epicenter. Then, the aseismic surface displacements during the earthquake was differentiated using the coseismic source model. The aseismic extension of 3.8 μstrain is inferred at the unexpectedly large uplift region. Combining with local geology, residual gravity anomaly, seismic tomography, interseismic leveling vertical velocities, coseismic leveling uplifts and proposed Coulomb stress changes, the accelerated mud diapirism during the earthquake triggered by slip on the deep seismogenic fault was identified as the cause of unexpectedly large coseismic uplift.
|State||Published - 5 Aug 2022|
- 2016 Meinong earthquake
- Coseismic anelastic deformation
- Mud diapirism