Optimization of Vacuum Brazing Process Parameters in Ti-6Al-4V Alloy

Chou Dian Huang, Jiun Ren Hwang, Jiunn Yuan Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this study, the optimal parameters of the vacuum brazing titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V with TiCuNi filler (30 µm-thick metal foil) were investigated by the Taguchi method. The microstructures, microhardness, and fractographs of the titanium brazed joints produced by these optimal parameters were also analyzed. The results of this study demonstrate that for the best tensile strength, the optimal combination of process parameters is: 890C soaking temperature, 60 min soaking time, 975C brazing temperature, and 45 min brazing time. The tensile strength obtained by welding with the optimal parameters was found to be 1265 MPa. A small error of 0.24% between experimental and predicted values confirmed the validity of the combined optimized parameters. Finally, from the means of variance analysis (ANOVA), out of the four factors, the highest contribution to the optimal parameters was found to be the brazing time, accounting for 47.3%. The base material of vacuum brazing (VB) weldment is mainly composed of white granular α titanium, slender β titanium, and layered structures that are interlaced by α and β. The weld bead, composed of Ti-15Cu-15Ni, contains many slender needle-shaped Widmanstätten structures. This structure is associated with higher strength and lower ductility. The weld bead hardness of the vacuum brazed parts is higher than that of laser beam weldment and gas tungsten arc weldment. This study demonstrates the feasibility of the Taguchi method for obtaining the optimal process parameters of titanium vacuum brazed joints.

Original languageEnglish
Article number974
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022


  • microstructure
  • process optimization
  • Taguchi method
  • tensile strength
  • titanium alloy
  • vacuum brazing


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