Optimization of dispersive micro solid-phase extraction for the rapid determination of benzophenone-type ultraviolet absorbers in aqueous samples

Wu Hsun Chung, Shin Hwa Tzing, Wang Hsien Ding

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23 Scopus citations

Abstract

A solvent-free method for the rapid analysis of six benzophenone-type UV absorbers in water samples is described. The method involves the use of dispersive micro solid-phase extraction (DmSPE) followed by the simultaneous silylation and thermal desorption (SSTD) gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) operating in the selected-ion-storage (SIS) mode. A Plackett-Burman design was used for screening and a central composite design (CCD) for optimizing the significant factors was applied. The optimal experimental conditions involved immersing 1.5. mg of the Oasis HLB adsorbent in a 10. mL portion of water sample. After vigorous shaking for 1. min, the adsorbents were transferred to a micro-vial, and were dried at 122. °C for 3.5. min, after cooling, 2. μL of the BSTFA silylating reagent was added. For SSTD, the injection-port temperature was held at 70. °C for 2.5. min for derivatization, and the temperature was then rapidly increased to 340. °C to allow the thermal desorption of the TMS-derivatives into the GC for 5.7. min. The limits of quantitation (LOQs) were determined to be 1.5-5.0. ng/L. Precision, as indicated by relative standard deviations (RSDs), was equal or less than 11% for both intra- and inter-day analysis. Accuracy, expressed as the mean extraction recovery, was between 87% and 95%. A preliminary analysis of the municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWTP) effluent and river water samples revealed that 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone (BP-3) was the most common benzophenone-type UV absorber present. Using a standard addition method, the total concentrations of these compounds ranged from 5.1 to 74.8. ng/L.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-22
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
Volume1411
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Sep 2015

Keywords

  • Benzophenone-type UV absorbers
  • Dispersive micro solid-phase extraction
  • Thermal desorption-GC-MS
  • Water analysis

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