Open-cell tizr-based bulk metallic glass scaffolds with excellent biocompatibility and suitable mechanical properties for biomedical application

Van Tai Nguyen, Xavier Pei Chun Wong, Sin Mao Song, Pei Hua Tsai, Jason Shian Ching Jang, I. Yu Tsao, Che Hsin Lin, Van Cuong Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of biocompatible high-porosity (up to 72.4%) TiZr-based porous bulk metallic glass (BMG) scaffolds were successfully fabricated by hot pressing a mixture of toxic element-free TiZr-based BMG powder and an Al particle space holder. The morphology of the fabricated scaffolds was similar to that of human bones, with pore sizes ranging from 75 to 250 µm. X-ray diffraction patterns and transmission electron microscopy images indicated that the amorphous structure of the TiZr-based BMG scaffolds remained in the amorphous state after hot pressing. Noncytotoxicity and extracellular calcium deposition of the TiZr-based BMG scaffolds at porosities of 32.8%, 48.8%, and 64.0% were examined by using the direct contact method. The results showed that the BMG scaffolds possess high cell viability and extracellular calcium deposition with average cell survival and deposition rates of approximately 170.1% and 130.9%, respectively. In addition, the resulting TiZr-based BMG scaffolds exhibited a considerable reduction in Young’s moduli from 56.4 to 2.3 GPa, compressive strength from 979 to 19 MPa, and bending strength from 157 MPa to 49 MPa when the porosity was gradually increased from 2.0% to 72.4%. Based on the aforementioned specific characteristics, TiZr-based BMG scaffolds can be considered as potential candidates for biomedical applications in the human body.

Original languageEnglish
Article number28
JournalJournal of Functional Biomaterials
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Bulk metallic glass
  • Calcium deposition
  • Cell viability
  • Mechanical property
  • Porosity
  • Scaffold

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