On the oxygen reduction reaction catalyzed by Ti -Cu binary films in 0.5 M sulfuric acid solution

Jing Chie Lin, Cheng Lin Chuang, Chien Ming Lai, Hang Chung Chu, Yu Sheng Chen

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Ti-Cu binary films co-sputtered in vacuum are catalytically active for the oxygen reduction in 0.5 M H2SO4. The activity for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) increased with increasing the Cu-content in the Ti-Cu films and it reached to a maximum with the copper composition up to 90 at.%. The constant Tafel slope of ~ 190 mV/decade which is comparable to that obtained on pure Cu films indicates that the active sites for oxygen reduction is copper sites. Through investigation of Tafel polarization, the Ti-Cu films revealed a constant Tafel slope (i.e., 190 mV/decade) similar to that of ORR on the pure Cu film. This infers that the electrochemical reduction of oxygen is predominated on the Cu-sites in the film. In the cyclic voltammograms, the strong broad peak should have arisen from the oxidation of Cu to Cu+ and Cu2+ ions. This oxidation indicated that the Ti-Cu films are unstable and the Cu-component is susceptible to dissolution in 0.5 M H2SO4. This dissolution caused a loss of catalytic activity in the films. Preparing the Ti-Cu films enriched in Ti will stabilize these films to prevent the Cu-dissolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4728-4730
Number of pages3
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number17
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2009


  • Binary film
  • Catalytic activity
  • Oxygen reduction reaction
  • Ti-Cu


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