On the hilbert-huang transform data processing system development

Semion Kizhner, Thomas P. Flatley, Norden E. Huang, Karin Blank, Evette Conwell, Darrell Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

One of the main heritage tools used in scientific and engineering data spectrum analysis is the Fourier Integral Transform and its high performance digital equivalent - the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT). The Fourier view of nonlinear mechanics that had existed for a long time, and the associated FFT (fairly recent development), carry strong a-priori assumptions about the source data, such as linearity and of being stationary. Natural phenomena measurements are essentially nonlinear and nonstationary. A very recent development at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), known as the Hilbert-Huang Transform (HHT) proposes a novel approach to the solution for the nonlinear class of spectrum analysis problems. Using the Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) followed by the Hubert Transform of the empirical decomposition data (HT), the HHT allows spectrum analysis of nonlinear and nonstationary data by using an engineering aposteriori data processing, based on the EMD algorithm. This results in a non-constrained decomposition of a source real value data vector into a finite set of Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMF) that can be further analyzed for spectrum interpretation by the classical Hilbert Transform. This paper describes phase one of the development of a new engineering tool, the HHT Data Processing System (HHTDPS). The HHTDPS allows applying the HHT to a data vector in a fashion similar to the heritage FFT. It is a generic, low cost, high performance personal computer (PC) based system that implements the HHT computational algorithms in a user friendly, file driven environment. This paper also presents a quantitative analysis for a composite waveform data sample, a summary of technology commercialization efforts and the lessons learned from this new technology development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1961-1978
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings
Volume3
StatePublished - 2004
Event2004 IEEE Aerospace Conference Proceedings - Big Sky, MT, United States
Duration: 6 Mar 200413 Mar 2004

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