Observation of the growth mechanisms of lithium niobate single crystal during a LHPG process

Jyh Chen Chen, Yeou Chang Lee, Chieh Hu

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we use a thermal radiometer to detect the thermal radiation of lithium niobate in a 3-5 μm, and a 10.6 μm spectrum for the laser heated pedestal growth (LHPG) system. A measurement technique developed according to the different radiation characteristics in each spectrum is employed to find the physical parameters during the growth of a lithium niobate crystal. The meniscus angle (φ0) for growing a constant diameter crystal is measured. The value of φ0 at the facet tri-junction along the a-axis growth is -4.3° ± 0.5°, while φ0 = -5.7° ± 0.5° is found at the a-face of the c-axis growth. In addition, the temperature distribution is monitored during the growth. The maximum surface temperature gradient, which occurs at the growth interface, is extremely high, i.e. around several hundred degree per millimeter. The gradient decreases when the diameter of the grown crystal decreases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-319
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume174
Issue number1-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1997

Keywords

  • Lithium niobate
  • Meniscus angle
  • Surface temperature gradient

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