Numerical study of hydrodynamics with surface heat transfer in a bubbling fluidized-bed reactor applied to fast pyrolysis of rice husk

Cong Binh Dinh, Chun Chung Liao, Shu San Hsiau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study investigates the hydrodynamics and heat transfer phenomena that occur during the biomass fast pyrolysis process. A numerical approach that combines a two-dimensional Eulerian multi-fluid model and the kinetic theory of granular flow has been applied to simulate the gas-solid flow in a bubbling fluidized-bed reactor. In this study, rice husk and quartz sand with specified properties were used as biomass and inert material, respectively. Our model was first validated the feasibility using previous findings, then an extensive parametric study was conducted to determine the effects of the major variables, especially the size of rice husk particles, on the flow distribution and the heat transfer between the phases. The concept of standard deviation attributed to the dispersion of solid volume fraction was used to calculate the intensity of segregation. The simulated results indicated that the mixing of binary mixture was strongly affected by different sizes of rice husk particles. The heat transfer occurring inside the fluidized bed was described by the distribution of solids temperature, the variation of surface heat flux and heat transfer coefficient. Both heat transfer quantities were observed to be dominant in the dense bed regions as they strongly depend on the solids concentration in the fluidized bed. The increasing inlet gas velocity promoted the mixing of solid particles, thus resulted in the effective heat transfer from wall to particles and between the particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)419-429
Number of pages11
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2017

Keywords

  • Eulerian multi-fluid model
  • Fast pyrolysis
  • Fluidized-bed reactor
  • Heat transfer
  • Hydrodynamics

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