TY - JOUR

T1 - Numerical ranges of nilpotent operators

AU - Gau, Hwa Long

AU - Wu, Pei Yuan

N1 - Funding Information:
∗ Corresponding author. E-mail addresses: hlgau@math.ncu.edu.tw (H.-L. Gau), pywu@math.nctu.edu.tw (P.Y. Wu). 1 Research supported by the National Science Council of the Republic of China under NSC 96-2115-M-008-006. 2 Research supported by the National Science Council of the Republic of China under NSC 96-2115-M-009-013-MY3 and by the MOE-ATU.

PY - 2008/8/1

Y1 - 2008/8/1

N2 - For any operator A on a Hilbert space, let W (A), w (A) and w0 (A) denote its numerical range, numerical radius and the distance from the origin to the boundary of its numerical range, respectively. We prove that if An = 0, then w (A) ≤ (n - 1) w0 (A), and, moreover, if A attains its numerical radius, then the following are equivalent: (1) w (A) = (n - 1) w0 (A), (2) A is unitarily equivalent to an operator of the form aAn ⊕ A′, where a is a scalar satisfying | a | = 2 w0 (A), An is the n-by-n matrixfenced((0, 1, ⋯, 1; 0, {triple dot, diagonal NW-SE}, ⋮; {triple dot, diagonal NW-SE}, 1; 0))andA′ is some other operator, and (3) W (A) = bW (An) for some scalar b.

AB - For any operator A on a Hilbert space, let W (A), w (A) and w0 (A) denote its numerical range, numerical radius and the distance from the origin to the boundary of its numerical range, respectively. We prove that if An = 0, then w (A) ≤ (n - 1) w0 (A), and, moreover, if A attains its numerical radius, then the following are equivalent: (1) w (A) = (n - 1) w0 (A), (2) A is unitarily equivalent to an operator of the form aAn ⊕ A′, where a is a scalar satisfying | a | = 2 w0 (A), An is the n-by-n matrixfenced((0, 1, ⋯, 1; 0, {triple dot, diagonal NW-SE}, ⋮; {triple dot, diagonal NW-SE}, 1; 0))andA′ is some other operator, and (3) W (A) = bW (An) for some scalar b.

KW - Nilpotent operator

KW - Numerical radius

KW - Numerical range

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=44649195624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.laa.2008.03.029

DO - 10.1016/j.laa.2008.03.029

M3 - 期刊論文

AN - SCOPUS:44649195624

VL - 429

SP - 716

EP - 726

JO - Linear Algebra and Its Applications

JF - Linear Algebra and Its Applications

SN - 0024-3795

IS - 4

ER -