Novel composite polymer electrolyte comprising mesoporous structured SiO2 and PEO/Li

Peter P. Chu, M. Jaipal Reddy, H. M. Kao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

162 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel composite polymer electrolytes comprise of hexagonal array of mesoporous structured MCM-41, and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO)/Li show that the conductivity and mechanical properties are improved simultaneously. The comparison of small angle X-ray diffraction (XRD) of mesoporous MCM-41 and blended films of PEO:Li/MCM-41 shows that the nano-porous SiO2 channels were not destroyed in PEO/Li. Solid-state 7Li NMR spectra identified two major lithium species attributed to the Li+ ions associated with PEO, and intercalation or penetration of polymer and Li+ ions both within and outside the channels of mesoporous MCM-41. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) photographs indicated that the electrolytes are miscible and homogeneous up to 8 wt.% of MCM-41, and an optimal conductivity is reached at this composition. However, at higher weight ratios (>10 wt.%), the Li/MCM-41-rich domain developed, and the conductivity decreased with increasing mesoporous material. Apart from the fundamental random diffusion within the amorphous PEO, additional conducting mechanism is established by replacing the nearby vacancy ("hole") with lithium ion on MCM-41 surface, which bears lower activation energy Ea. As a result, enhancement of conductivity is observed when the polymer and oxide are well miscible. This additional mechanism is absent in the case of spherical fillers such as TiO2, Al2O3 or SiO2 nano-particles in PEO-based electrolytes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-153
Number of pages13
JournalSolid State Ionics
Volume156
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

Keywords

  • Composite polymer electrolyte
  • Conductivity
  • DSC
  • Li-NMR
  • SEM
  • XRD

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